Russia’s central bank is reviewing the potential pros and cons of the central bank digital currencies according to a policy brief published two days ago. In our latest cryptocurrency news, we discover more.
In the policy brief a document named ‘’Is there a future for central bank digital currencies’’ was brought up and Russia’s Central bank outlined multiple benefits of the CBDCs. The central bank digital currencies have a huge capability to reduce down the transaction costs but also to provide a less risky asset and to improve liquidity.
However, Russia’s central bank pointed out that central bank digital currencies have the potential to reduce the transaction costs can only be possible if there is a technical solution for them. For example, CBDCs will offer improved tools in terms of ease when conducting payments and savings in comparison to debit cards and fiat money.
While there are a lot of positive sides of CBDCs, Russia’s central bank explained the possible drawbacks of the central bank digital currencies such as lack of anonymity. To be more exact, the CBDC’s are unable to provide a higher level of anonymity in comparison o cash. The document pointed out:
“CBDC de facto cannot provide the same level of anonymity that is provided by cash. This is certainly an advantage for regulators, but can be considered a disadvantage by users, not only those who are involved in suspicious activities, but those who are concerned about privacy.”
Russia’s central bank also pointed out that central bank digital currencies can compete with commercial bank deposits when there is low inflation and not so high-interest rates. CBDCs can also become almost equal to cash but only in cases of providing liquidity and ease of use.
As previously explained in almost all of the best cryptocurrency news sites, central bank digital currencies are digital currencies issued by a central bank. They have the status of a legal tender but also have elements of centralized money. Despite Russia’s central bank, the World Economic Forum also released a report claiming that there are about 40 global central banks that plan to use CBDCs. Some of the central banks interested include the Bank for International Settlements and the State Bank of Pakistan.
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“3. Prohibition of use By accessing and using the Services, you represent and warrant that you are not on any trade or economic sanctions lists, such as the UN Security Council Sanctions list, designated as a “Specially Designated National” by OFAC (Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department) or placed on the U.S. Commerce Department’s “Denied Persons List”. Binance maintains the right to select its markets and jurisdictions to operate and may restrict or deny the Services in certain countries at its discretion.”When comparing the wording to the one uploaded in June, it is clear that Binance removes US resident ban. The previous text read that "Binance is unable to provide services to any U.S. person," - which is why the difference is obvious.
China’s Digital Fiat Currency Is Not A Real Cryptocurrency
“Since last year, the staff at the Digital Currency Research Lab have been working 996 to develop the system. We can say the CBDC is now ready to launch at one’s call," was his speech, later shared by many best cryptocurrency news sites.The CBDC with this aims to replace MO, meaning cash in circulation through a two-tier system. The central bank will issue the digital yuan only to commercial banks, who will further issue it to the public. Meanwhile the PBoC and its Digital Currency Research Lab are the ones standing behind China's digital fiat currency - along with more than 50 patent applications which are all either invented or co-invented by Yao Qian. One patent application reads:
“The emergence of digital currency is an inevitable trend. So far, privately issued digital currency bears the features of anonymity and volatility. Central banks must take their impacts on the payments, monetary systems and financial stability seriously. As such, it’s inevitable for central banks to push for digitized fiat currencies to optimize their circulation.”However, physical cash is still arguably the only form of fiat money inside China that can remain anonymous. We can see that China's digital fiat currency is not close to cryptocurrency - and the only third-party methods which are compared to bank wire can be offered by companies like Alibaba or WeChat - both requiring real-name verification authenticated by users' IDs as well as additional banking information.
“Existing M0 (banknotes and coins) are subject to counterfeit and money laundering risks. … The [CBDC] system should follow the existing rules about anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism financing imposed on cash, and should report to the PBoC on large amounts and suspicious transactions,” Mu emphasized in a speech.
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