Matter Labs announces a new, zero-knowledge proof-based scaling solution that leverages many of the Istanbul hard fork changes. In our Ethereum news today, we take a closer look at what this solution will bring.
The research outfit Matter Labs has long been working on achieving scale for public blockchain networks. Earlier approaches to the same problem could have managed to achieve a similar transaction rate but they had to sacrifice their security or decentralization. The lack of centralized authority is the one thing that sets blockchain networks apart from traditional finance.
Whether it’s bitcoin or Ethereum, each platform has suffered from slow transaction speeds. Ethereum can execute up to 15 transactions per second while Bitcoin can process seven. Visa, on the other hand, can process up to 2,000 transactions per second. Matter Labs hopes to solve this problem with the new Layer 2 scaling solution ZK Sync. ZK refers to the zero-knowledge proof which is a cryptographic privacy protocol that hides the transactor’s data. The protocol has been proposed all ready to help to scale efforts because it does reduce a huge amount of information to the most essential parts.
It is important to remember that ZK sync was developed on the idea of ZK-rollups which was first introduced by the Ethereum programmer Barry Whitehat in 2018. The founder of the platform Alex GLuchowski stated:
“ZK Sync is designed to bring a VISA-scale throughput of thousands of transactions per second (TPS) to Ethereum while keeping the funds as secure as in the underlying L1 accounts and maintaining a high degree of censorship-resistance.”
Earlier this year, the Matter Labs team launched another scaling solution that combined Plasma and ZK-snarks and the result called Ignis, allowed Ethereum to reach 500 transactions per second. While positive, the data availability problem that exists with plasma, could not be solved without the trade-offs. Since the Istanbul hard fork of Ethereum, the lower gas prices has given a new lease on the life of the ideas. More specifically, EIP 2028 reduces the gas cost of Calldata from 68 gas per byte to 16.
The EIP authors wrote that ‘’higher bandwidth of Calldata improves scalability as more data can fit within a single book.’’
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Stefan has been writing articles for DCForecasts since 2016 in-house full time. As one of our main cryptocurrency writers, he focuses on covering the latest cryptocurrency news, technical charts, price analyses of coins and press releases. When he is not exploring and covering the latest topics in crypto, you can find Stefan playing basketball, tennis or cycling.
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